Subthemes

Subtheme Topics
Pre-war planning Contingency plans put in place before or during the early months of the war.
The wartime economy Macroeconomic surveys and wartime budgets.
Health and welfare  Healthcare systems, welfare policies, hospitals, public health campaigns, homeless shelters, and unemployment insurance.
Central and local government The machinery of state, communications and contested jurisdictions between departments, and relationships between centre and periphery.
Post-war reconstruction Plans for the governance and infrastructure of post-war Britain.
Air Raid Precautions and Civil Defence Defence measures and schemes (both national and local) intended to react to and lessen the impact of raiding, including blackouts, emergency services, barrage balloons, and lookouts.
Air raid shelters The construction, provisioning, supervision, and efficacy of – as well as conditions within – both public and domestic shelters.
Conscription The recruitment of military personnel, age limits, conscientious objection, and training.
Civilian-military interactions The impact of military personnel, from Britain and beyond, stationed in the U.K., and how they interacted with and were viewed by local communities.
Invasion contingencies The defence measures put in place to respond in the event of enemy invasion, including the Home Guard.
Damage to property The destruction of and damage to domestic, public, and industrial buildings as a result of raiding.
Disruption to services The disruption of road networks, transport links, services, and deliveries as a result of raiding.
Casualties and injuries Deaths or injuries caused to either military or non-military personnel as a result of raiding.
Psychological impacts The effects of enemy attacks – the fear, anticipation, and aftermath thereof – on the mental health of individual civilians and larger populations.
Reconstruction and Salvage Schemes relating to the salvage or recycling of materials destroyed by enemy attacks, or else to the physical reconstruction of buildings or infrastructure.
Agriculture and food supply The various means by which foodstuffs were procured for the public, including agriculture, imports, distribution, and storage.
Rationing, licensing, and price control The multiple schemes intended to regulate the consumption of goods deemed to be of limited stock as a result of the conflict.
Fuel and utilities The supply and consumption of oil, water, gas, and electricity.
Retail and consumer goods The supply and consumption of non-perishable goods such as clothing, domestic appliances, and luxury items.
Enforcement and regulation The penalties imposed on those who did not adhere to the consumption and supply regulations in place during the war, as well as the processes by which they were discovered and inspected.
Evacuation Scheme Government-level planning for mass evacuation schemes; their timing, infrastructural arrangement, and resourcing.
Reception and billeting The partitioning of the country between evacuation and reception areas based on assessment of risk, the disagreements that these distinctions engendered, and the conditions and experiences of both those billeting and those billeted.
Education and schooling The educational experience of both evacuated and resident children and students.
Unofficial evacuations Private evacuations, unsanctioned departures from reception areas, and the phenomenon of "trekking".
Dislocated populations The social, demographic, and personal impacts of mass population movement as a result of the war.
Manufacturing and materials Industry, production, and the availability of raw materials, from a military-industrial to a domestic level.
Transport and travel Rail services, road networks, and other forms of transport, both across and out of the country.
Labour supply and relations Government and industry discussions and schemes addressing the composition of the wartime workforce across various sectors.
Gender and work The changing nature of gender roles in industry and services as a result of the war.
Reserved occupations The professions deemed vital enough to the war effort and public life to merit exemption from military service for certain age groups.
Eating and cooking The domestic consumption of foodstuffs, as well as recipes, cooking techniques, and studies of consumption trends.
Housing and living conditions The supply of housing, the physical and material aspects of domestic life, and the strains brought upon both by the war.
Wages and cost of living The economic impact of the war on individual households, their ability to purchase, and the price of consumer goods and essentials.
Families and relationships Marriage, parenting, nuclear and extended families, sexual relationships and health, and the strains of war on each.
Entertainment and culture Public engagement in sport, the arts, publishing, public exhibitions and events, television, radio, and film.
Public opinion and morale Studies and surveys of the mood of the public and their response to various events, wartime strains, and government messages.
Publicity campaigns and initiatives The various forms of government propaganda, its media, its messages, and the practicalities of its compilation and distribution.
News and information channels Public access to news and information about domestic and foreign affairs, and the various ways in which such information was managed by the authorities.
Censorship and surveillance Official reporting on, and measures taken against, individuals or groups whose messages and influence were deemed disruptive and worthy of censorship.
Rumours and gossip The propagation of news and information through non-official means within the public sphere. Typical subjects include (but are not limited to) sightings of enemy landings or parachutes, new types of weaponry, changes to rationing and welfare systems, and the progress of the conflict abroad.
Crime and policing Reports of, and attempts to curb, criminal activity ranging from high treason to prostitution.
The black market The illegal stockpiling, sale, and purchase of restricted goods.
Political movements and disruption From the high-level "disruptive" movements such as communism, fascism, and pacifism, to more underlying issues such as defeatism and strike activity, as well as any electoral turbulence or party opposition faced by the government.
Social identities and disruption Issues and unrest along the lines of race, gender, class, and other social identities.
Foreign nationals and newcomers Public responses and attitudes towards new arrivals to a community, both internal (such as evacuees and the Women's Land Army), and external (such as "aliens", refugees, and soldiers stationed from abroad).
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