000396

Reference HO 207/396
Title REGION No 5 (LONDON): Shelter census for quarters ending Mar 1941 - Mar 1945
Former Department Reference O/LR 16/39 & 40
Government Department Ministry of Home Security
Themes Military Activity and Home Defence, Bombing and Attacks on the Population
Subthemes Air raid shelters
Document Types Memoranda, Reports and Surveys, Statistical Data
Civil Defence Regions Region 5: London
Locations London
Organisations Local Councils

Description

A file of documents relating to quarterly reports on air-raid shelter occupancy statistics in each local authority in the London region. Subjects discussed in the file include the nightly exodus of Londoners out of the city; provisions inside shelters, including amenities and education for children; and the shelter habits of Londoners, including their preference for tube and deep-tunnel shelters, comparisons to habits in other British cities, and variations depending on the heaviness and duration of the bombings over the course of the war. Other subjects discussed include the installation of bunks for dormitory shelters; the numbers of shelter occupants depending on shelter type; the day-time and night-time capacities of shelters; the progress of shelter construction, including completion and the need for further work; and the types of available shelters, including domestic and public shelters, Anderson and Morrison shelters, and surface, basement, factory, school, tunnel, framed-building, and arch shelters.

Keywords

accommodation, administration, air-raid precautions, air-raid shelter conditions, air-raid shelters, air-raid wardens, amenities, bedding, business, censuses, children, construction, defence works, demographics, distribution, education, employment, evacuation, factories, family, food preparation, furnishings, healthcare, housing, industrial workers, industry, infrastructure, local authorities, London Underground, part-time employment, public health, public morale, public spaces, railway stations, railways, requisitioning, retail, roads, schools, statistics, surveys, traffic

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