Reference HO 199/456
Title Assessment in selected towns in Great Britain: in relation to air raids
Former Department Reference HSI: 300/5
Government Department Ministry of Home Security
Themes Information Services and Propaganda, Bombing and Attacks on the Population
Subthemes Public opinion and morale, Psychological impacts, News and information channels, Crime and policing, Unofficial evacuations, Rumours and gossip
Document Types Reports and Surveys, Official Correspondence, Maps, Charts, and Diagrams
Civil Defence Regions Nationwide
Locations Bootle, Canterbury, Clydebank, Exeter, Germany, Greenock, Italy, Liverpool, Norwich, Soviet Union, York
Organisations National Fire Service, Royal Air Force


A file containing documents concerning the assessment of public morale relating to air raids in Britain. Documents in the file include official correspondence on the practicalities of assessing morale; a note suggesting themes to study; and a report on the morale of the towns of York, Exeter, Norwich, Canterbury, Bootle, Clydebank, and Greenock. Topics covered include a precise definition of "air-raid morale"; the effect of air raids on productivity; and industrial absenteeism as a result of the psychological impacts of air raids. Other topics include the cycle of "newspaper events" in the local press in connection to air raids; differences in the methods of assessing morale at home and in enemy countries; and social issues connected to air raids, including crime and looting. The contents of appendices to the report include graphs of the data collected; quotes from negative reports in regional newspapers; and a list of rumours.


absenteeism, air raids, air-raid precautions, air-raid shelters, aliens, Baedeker raids, billeting, bomb damage, censorship, civil defence, civil defence training, civilian casualties, crime, doctors, drunkenness, enemy propaganda, espionage, evacuation, female labour, food supplies, German nationals, hospitals, incendiary bombs, industrial production, industry, intelligence, labour supply, local authorities, looting, Lord Haw-Haw, migration, military casualties, newspapers, nurses, periodicals, prisoners of war, public morale, public opinion, radio, radio broadcasts, rationing, reconstruction, regional newspapers, royalty, rumours, soldiers, statistics, transportation

Cookies Notification

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Find out more.