000438

Reference HO 199/438
Title Ministry of Information reports on Region No 5 for the period 1 Jan 1941 to 19 Apr 1941: comments and queries
Former Department Reference HSI: 200/15/2/2
Government Department Ministry of Home Security
Themes Information Services and Propaganda, Bombing and Attacks on the Population, Military Activity and Home Defence
Subthemes Public opinion and morale, Publicity campaigns and initiatives, Air Raid Precautions and Civil Defence, Air raid shelters, Rumours and gossip
Document Types Reports and Surveys, Letters and Statements from the Public
Civil Defence Regions Region 5: London
Locations Acton, Barking, Battersea, Berlin, Bermondsey, Bethnal Green, Bow, Brentford, Brixton, Carshalton, Catford, Chelsea, Chiswick, Clapton, Clerkenwell, Coventry, Croydon, Deptford, Ealing, Epsom, Ewell, Finchley, France, Fulham, Hackney, Hampstead, Harrow, Hendon, Holborn, Hounslow, Hoxton, Ilford, Isle of Dogs, Isleworth, Kennington, Lambeth, Lewisham, Leyton, Leytonstone, London, Malden, Marylebone, Mill Hill, Mitcham, Paddington, Peckham, Pimlico, Plumstead, Poplar, Putney, Richmond, Shoreditch, Soho, Southwark, St. John's Wood, Stepney, Stoke Newington, Tottenham, Twickenham, Victoria, Walworth, Wapping, Watford, West Ham, Westminster, Whitechapel, Willesden, Woolwich
Organisations Air Cadets, Auxiliary Fire Service, British Broadcasting Corporation, Citizens Advice Bureau, Ministry of Information, Red Cross, Royal Air Force, Women's Auxiliary Air Force, Women's Voluntary Service

Description

A file containing reports on the morale of people in London, collected either through contacts or through visits to different areas. Topics covered in the reports include the effect of air raids on public morale; the conditions and suitability of air-raid precautions and air-raid shelters; rationing and food supplies; and the effect of propaganda from both the government and the enemy. Other topics discussed include public reactions to speeches and radio broadcasts by politicians; the level of interest shown by the public in the progress of overseas campaigns; the numbers of people carrying gas masks and using air-raid shelters; the threat of gas attacks; provisions for the funerals of air-raid victims; evacuation statistics; post-air raid amenities such as canteens and hostels; and the circulation of rumours, for example on air raids in other towns.

Keywords

agriculture, air raids, air-raid precautions, air-raid shelters, air-raid wardens, Alfred Duff Cooper, aliens, ambulances, amenities, Belgian nationals, billeting, bomb damage, burials, buses, chickens, childcare, civil defence, civilian casualties, clothing, coal, communal feeding, Communism, cost of living, crime, doctors, Dutch nationals, education, eggs, enemy propaganda, Ernest Bevin, evacuation, evacuees, factories, female labour, film, fire prevention, fire services, fire watch, food shortages, food supplies, gas attacks, gas masks, healthcare, hostels, housing, incendiary bombs, infrastructure, J.B. Priestley, Jews, labour supply, livestock, local authorities, London Underground, Lord Halifax, Lord Haw-Haw, motor vehicles, munitions industry, newspapers, Norwegian nationals, nurses, old age, overseas evacuation, poultry, prices, prisoners of war, propaganda, public morale, public opinion, public transport, Quakers, radio, radio broadcasts, rationing, refugees, rental properties, rest centres, retail, rumours, salvage, schools, secrecy, soldiers, standard of living, taxation, The Blitz, threat of invasion, transportation, wastage, Winston Churchill

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