000430

Reference HO 199/430
Title Region No 12: May 1942 to June 1943
Former Department Reference HSI: 200/12
Government Department Ministry of Home Security
Themes Information Services and Propaganda, Bombing and Attacks on the Population, Military Activity and Home Defence
Subthemes Public opinion and morale, Damage to property, Air Raid Precautions and Civil Defence, Air raid shelters
Document Types Reports and Surveys
Civil Defence Regions Region 12: South Eastern (Tunbridge Wells HQ)
Locations Ashford, Bexhill, Bognor Regis, Bridge, Brighton, Broadstairs, Canterbury, Capel, Chatham, Chichester, Dartford, Deal, Dorking, Dover, East Grinstead, East Langdon, East Sussex, Eastbourne, Faversham, Folkestone, Gillingham, Gravesend, Guildford, Hastings, Hollingbourne, Horsham, Hove, Hythe, Kent, Lancing, Leatherhead, Lewes, Littlehampton, Maidstone, Margate, Petworth, Pevensey, Portslade-by-Sea, Reigate, Romney, Rye, Sandwich, Seaford, Sheerness, Shoreham, Southborough, Southwick, St. Margaret's at Cliffe, Strood, Surrey, Thanet, Tonbridge, Tunbridge Wells, Walton, West Ham, West Sussex, Weybridge, Winchelsea, Worthing
Organisations General Post Office, Home Guard, National Fire Service, Women's Voluntary Service

Description

A file containing monthly reports on morale, air raids, and civil defence from the regional commissioner of Civil Defence Region 12, covering the south-east of England. Topics covered in the reports include the effects of air raids and the extent of bomb damage; the conditions in air-raid shelters; the facilities for decontamination in the event of a gas attack; the training of the Women's Voluntary Services for air-raid precaution duties; and the phenomenon of population decline as a result of evacuation from the region. Other topics discussed include public complaints about the inadequacy of anti-aircraft defences against "tip and run" raids by German bombers; reports of the misuse of domestic shelters; and the use of incendiary bombs on Canterbury Cathedral. Further topics covered include a ceremony to commemorate the first anniversary of the National Fire Service; cinemas opening on Sundays; and the banning of visitors to the region because of the air-raid threat.

Keywords

agriculture, air raids, air-raid precautions, air-raid shelter conditions, air-raid shelters, anti-aircraft defences, bomb damage, cereals, children, cinemas, civil defence, civil defence training, civilian casualties, coastal areas, construction, contingency planning, demographics, demolition, entertainment, evacuation, fire prevention, fire services, fire watch, first aid, gas attacks, holidays, hops, hospitals, housing, incendiary bombs, industry, labour shortages, labour supply, local authorities, mortuaries, munitions industry, population decline, public morale, religious buildings, requisitioning, royalty, salvage, schools, threat of invasion, trade unions, travel restrictions, unemployment, volunteers, water supply

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