Reference HO 192/1198
Title History of raids
Former Department Reference RE/B38 26/19
Government Department Ministry of Home Security
Themes Bombing and Attacks on the Population
Subthemes Damage to property, Casualties and injuries, Disruption to services, Air Raid Precautions and Civil Defence
Document Types Reports and Surveys, Statistical Data, Official Correspondence
Civil Defence Regions Region 9: Midlands (Birmingham HQ)
Locations Birmingham


A file of documents relating to the history of air raids on Birmingham. Subjects discussed in the file include the weather conditions during the raids; synopses of the raids, with details warnings given, anti-aircraft weapon action, the passing of planes, the bombs dropped, fires caused, and unexploded bombs; the bomb damage, including damage to public utilities, public buildings, transportation, and communications; the situation of the post-raid services, including rescue, first-aid, firefighting, and debris-clearance services; the provision of canteens, rest centres, and billeting; and casualties, including those killed, injured, and trapped. Other subjects discussed include the state of public morale; shortages caused by the raids, including water provisions and petrol; the weight of the bombs dropped; preparations for future attacks; the impact on housing, including damage and homelessness; and the impact on industry, including factory damage, worker casualties, and the loss of production.


accommodation, administration, air raids, aircraft, air-raid precautions, air-raid wardens, air-raid warnings, allowances, ambulances, amenities, anti-aircraft defences, baking, banking, billeting, bomb damage, burials, buses, canals, cereals, children, cinemas, civil consumption, civil defence, civilian casualties, communal feeding, communications, courts, decontamination, demographics, demolition, distribution, electricity, emergency procedures, employment, engineering, evacuation, factories, finance, fire prevention, fire services, fires, first aid, flooding, flour, food processing, food supplies, fuel, gas, healthcare, homelessness, hospitals, hotels, housing, incendiary bombs, industrial consumption, industrial production, industrial workers, industry, infrastructure, labour supply, local authorities, maps, meals, migration, military officers, motor vehicles, municipal buildings, munitions, oats, office workers, oil, petrol, police, population density, public health, public morale, public spaces, public transport, railway stations, railways, rationing, recruitment, religious buildings, repair, rescue, rest centres, retail, retirement, roads, rubber, salvage, sanitation, schools, sewerage, skilled labour, statistics, surveys, telephonic communications, traffic, trams, transportation, unexploded bombs, unskilled labour, water supply, weather

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